1700s Mostly migrant pearl diving, fishing and trading settlements along the coast.
1867 Conflict with Bahrain over territory. Doha virtually destroyed as a result.
Britain signs a treaty recognising Qatar as a separate entity, rather than a dependency of Bahrain.
1871-1913 Turkish Ottoman Garrison stationed in Qatar.
1916 Britain takes control of Qatar’s external affairs in return for military protection.
1939 Oil discovered.
World War 2 delays the development of the oil fields.
1950 Oil funds expansion and modernisation of Qatar’s infrastructure.
1968 Britain withdraws.
Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates form a federation.
1972 In-fighting in Ruling Family ends in a Palace Coup.
Khalifa bin Hamed Al Thani takes power.
1990 First Iraqi War.
Iraq invades Kuwait.
Qatar allows foreign troops on its soil and helps to liberate Kuwait.
1995 Defense Minister and Armed Forces Commander, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, deposes his father in a bloodless coup.
1996 Al-jezeera TV News Network begun.
1999 Beginning of democratisation process.
Municipal Elections are the first democratic poll since 1971.
Women are allowed to vote and stand for office.
2001 Qatar settles territorial disputes with Bahrain and Saudi Arabia.
2002-2003 Second Iraqi War.
US Regional Central Command Military Bases in Qatar.
2003 The Emir names his younger son Tamin as Crown Prince, replacing Prince Jassim.
2005 First Written Constitution and some democratic reforms.
Advisory council to consist of 30 elected members and 15 members appointed directly by Emir.
2008 Saudi Arabia and Qatar resume diplomatic relations.
2008 Christian Church built in Doha. Christians are allowed to worship openly.
2011 The Arab Spring.
Al-jezeera, as one of the few uncensored TV networks in the Middle East provides coverage of events to the entire region.
Qatar alone among Arab nations, provides warplanes to ensure UN sanctioned no-fly zone, and openly supplies arms to Anti-Gaddafi Forces.
2013 First National Legislative Elections due.